A Eubank Genealogy in 17th Century Virginia

A Collection of References from primarily the Eastern Shore, Northern Neck, and the Counties of York and New Kent

 Microfilm Image of George Ubank's probate order, York County, Virginia, Court Records, 1687
The Virginia State Library, Richmond.

by Iris Teta Eubank Wagner
with research partner, sister 
Betty Eubank Burch

11th generation

How seventeenth century individuals named Eubank connect in early Virginia may never be known, for so many records have been lost, and evidently so few early Eubank immigrants. Yet, there are documented references, and by studying names, dates, and places of residence, we can attempt to build connections.   

history includes Eubank references found in colonial documents, in publications, or on microfilm, collected during years of  research in courthouses, libraries, and archives across Virginia.  The following references represent individuals named Eubank, with spelling variation, This who were seventeenth century immigrants to Virginia.  Also included is the genealogical work of Robin Ewbank,  descendant of the Eubancke family lineage of Brough/Kirkby Stephen,  of old Westmorland County, England.

Portion of John Smith's 1608 Map of the lower Chesapeake Bay
John Smith's original name for the James River was Powhatan River, shown at left.  The next river on the mainland side of the Bay was called Pamaunk River by Smith, now called the York River. The name Pamaunk was retained somewhat when at West Point where the Mattaponi and the Pamunkey rivers intersect to become the York.  Across the Bay on the Eastern Shore, the Indian village of Accowmack is shown, then up the shore to Sanderson Point, and farther up the Eastern Shore is the village of Accohanock, which was located along the Accohanock Creek, or on today's maps Onancock Creek.  This is the location where Henry Eubancke and/or William Ubank lived on the Eastern Shore, according to existing records that we have researched. Their children and grandchildren moved across the bay into Tidewater Virginia. This is the map that Henry probably was able to study before his crossing the ocean to the New World.

           Henry Eubancke
             1612 - 1635
             The Eastern Shore,Virginia         

Henry Eubancke is the earliest Eubank immigrant we've found in colonial Virginia. His name appears in records of a lawsuit brought by Capt. William Claiborne in 1637. Claiborne was Secretary of State of the Virginia Colony from 1625 through 1635.  

Claiborne's lawsuit was against several business partners in London with whom he  had entered into a business venture in 1631. The partners agreed to supply from London all necessities and trade goods for the use of  members of  Claiborne's Kent Island settlement. Trade goods would be used to gain favor and further trade with the Indian tribes of the Chesapeake Bay area. 

Evidence given in the lawsuit reveals that the partners in London failed to supply the settlement as promised at the time of contract.

Map - 1778 Chesapeake Bay area

In the Beginning . . . . 
In the summer of 1631, Capt. Claiborne and his lieutenant Arthur Figgs, and sixteen others, arrived in Virginia from London aboard the Africa. During the first few months at Kent Island, the weather had been good, the fields had been planted in corn, and a few small houses built. However, just as cold weather was coming to the Bay, an angry young man of the settlement set fire to the storehouses, resulting in the loss of supplies, clothing, and shelter that were to see the men through the first winter. As a result, most of the men who had come with Claiborne in the Africa died a few months after their arrival at Kent Island. According to Claiborne’s account of the settlement, it was then necessary that he hire men who were then living on the Eastern Shore. Claiborne hired Henry Eubancke as an Interpreter,  to go among the Indians for trading purposes.

A descendant of Capt. Claiborne, Nathanial Claiborne Hale, writes in a biography of his prominent ancestor that Henry Eubank was one of six men upon whom Capt. Claiborne relied heavily during the first few years of the Kent Island plantation and trading enterprise. The other men were Hugh Heywood, Thomas Hailes, Constantine the Indian, Thomas Grinder, and William Coxe, who explained in the records of the lawsuit that, if it had not been for the love and good will, that he, and other freemen did beare to the said Claiborne they would not have served for twice soe much to any other, as they did to the said Claiborne.

Henry's name appears as an interpreter on Claiborne’s account log until 1635.  On his log in 1634 Claiborne notes that, This yeare we were mutch hindered and molested by the Indians falling out with us and killing our men and by the Marylanders hindring our trade.        

Thomas Grinder, mentioned above as an  associate of Claiborne at Kent Island, gave deposition in the lawsuit, Claiborne vs. Clobery, et al, in 1637, in which he recalls the names of only two men among the many who had died during the time of the settlement. One of the two men was Henry Eubancke. The other man was John Belson.

Belson was one of three Virginians killed when the Marylanders and Claiborne's men clashed in two small sailing vessels on the waters of Pocomoke Sound in the Chesapeake Bay.  The incident was the first episode of a twelve-year-long struggle between Virginia and Maryland to gain trading superiority on the Chesapeake. Three other Virginians were wounded. One of the men may have been Henry, who might have died as a result of wounds. Or Henry, whose job it was to negotiate and trade with the Indians, may have died as a result of violence during a trade negotiation with Indians along the shores of the Chesapeake Bay or the Susquehanna River.

I've found no reference to the year or circumstance of Henry’s arrival from England to the Eastern Shore. (See research below of Robin Ewbank.)  His name was not on the Virginia muster records of 1623/24.   In 1631 he had been on the Eastern Shore long enough to have learned the language of the Accowmack or Accohannock tribes, and to serve as an interpreter.

Henry was among those early residents of Virginia, who, because of their interest, and probable necessity of learning the native language, must have served as unofficial diplomats in this early English colony.  One of those early residents of the Eastern Shore was Thomas Savage.  On the first trip up to Kent Island after arrival in the Africa in 1631, Capt. Claiborne hired Thomas Savage to be his interpreter.  Savage had arrived in Virginia as a boy in 1608 aboard the first supply ship to Jamestowne and had spent time in the village of Chief Powhatan.

Capt. John Smith, in his history of Virginia,  included an account written by colonial official John Pory of  Pory's  travels to the Eastern Shore.  As Savage now lived on the Eastern Shore, Pory employed him to serve as interpreter for the sojourn.  On their first meeting at the Indian village of Accowmack, Pory expressed concern to Savage for the safety of his entourage in traveling among the Indian tribes.  Savage then tells the travelers how he has been treated well by the native people of the area, and is as purely English as ever.  Savage invites Pory to come freely to my Countrie and welcome.

Historian Daniel Boorstin writes in his book, Americans: The Colonial Experience, that most often immigrants arriving in Virginia early in the seventeenth century were from the Midlands of England.

Surname "Eubank" in English Records
In researching sources for the name Eubank in English records, we find fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth century families living in Yorkshire, London and Norfolk County, and Norwich.   There are Eubank parish records in the city of London, of marriage and christening in the general time-frame of Henry's  birth and emigration. And earlier still, there are names of Eubank individuals, variously spelled, reaching back into the 1300's in England in the areas of York and Cumberland. And the very earliest Eubank we’ve found is a fellow by the name of Waldef de Yuebanc b. circa 1258, Cumberland - perhaps a descendant of Norman French ancestry in England, and more specific still, maybe the earliest ancestor of record for our Eubank lineage in America.

Ancestry of Robin Ewbank in England
Robin Ewbank, who lives in England, is a researcher of his early Ewbank lineage of the Brough/Kirkby Stephen area of old Westmorland, now Cumbria in northern England.  

Map of Westmorland, now Cumbria, in England. Brough/Kirkby Stephen is located in the lower left area of the map.

Robin explains that the established seat of the Ewbank family was Brough/Kirkby Stephen until the seventeenth century.

Robin is a direct descendant of Henry Ewbank of Durham Cathedral, whose son Tobye (Tobias) Ewbank owned much of Teesdale, generally in the area between the River Tees and the Wear (Ware) River in Durham.  Tobye Ewbank lived into his nineties and died in 1681.  Robin Ewbank has transcribed several wills of this period.  They are online.

A referenced entry concerning Robert Eubancke, a vintner of London, appears below on this page.  The reference indicates that Robert Eubancke gave financial support to a Mr. Lambert for a voyage to Virginia.  Security for the loan was Mr. Lambert's ship the Thomas and John.

Robin's research tells that almost certainly Robert Eubancke is a cousin to Michael Ewbank, deceased in 1620, of Borrenthwaite.  As Robin explains, Borrenthwaite is an ancient Ewbank holding on Stainmore near Brough, Westmorland.  The estate had remained in the family for nearly a thousand years until 1960.  In his will probated in 1620, Michael gave his cousin Robert Ewbank of London my sealing gold ring.

Michael Ewbancke had a son Henry Ubancke, baptised under Brough at Stainmore (Westmorland) on January 6, 1612.  Robin's research reveals that Michael's family, of the Borrenthwaite Ewbank families, were the first to spell their name with the  -ancke ending, the form of Henry's name which we find in Captain Claiborne's records.  If no other mid-lands Ewbank/Ubank family previously spelled their name with the -ancke ending before Michael spelled it that way, then this is good circumstantial evidence that Michael's son Henry was Capt. Claiborne's interpreter.

If Michael was a cousin to Robert Eubancke, therefore Henry, too, would have been close to Robert.   Henry may have personally carried the ring to Robert in London. Henry may have traveled to London also with thoughts to immigrate to Virginia to find his fortune.  Robin notes that Henry was a younger son, and did not inherit the family land and home.  Robert Eubancke of London was evidently of some means and involved with shipping concerns.  This might have given Henry that excellent opportunity, not only to experience the largest city in England, but perhaps on to adventure in Virginia.

There is no record in research so far of Henry Ubancke in Virginia before 1631, or of how he arrived at the Eastern Shore.  However, it's clear from Capt. Claiborne's record that Henry was living on the Eastern Shore at Accohanock Creek prior to the time he was hired by Capt. Claiborne, along with other men of the Eastern Shore.

Henry was Claiborne's interpreter after Thomas Savage decided to stay at the south end of the Eastern Shore.   Henry was one of Claiborne's few close aides, during the first years at Kent Island.  Being a young man, Henry likely learned the language of the Accowmac or Accohannock tribe of the Eastern Shore quite easily.  In transcription of Claiborne's day-by-day log of the trading enterprise, Henry's surname is spelled Ubancke and Eubancke.

It is important to consider Henry's age at his death in 1635.  He was in the employ of Capt. Claiborne at the time of his death. As the young man, Michael Ewbancke's son Henry from Borrenthwaite, he would then have been age twenty-three at his death in 1635, having been born in 1612.  Individuals named Eubancke who are residents of the Eastern Shore in the years after Henry's death are surely his descendants.

When Kent Island became part of Maryland, some residents stayed on the island.  However, most residents on Kent Island crossed the Chesapeake Bay to settle in Virginia, many in the counties of the Northern Neck.  The island is still called Kent Island on modern maps.  It is located across the Bay from Annapolis.

Maryland Historical Magazine, Claiborne vs Clobery et al, Vol. 28, pp 180-195, pp. 257-265.
Nathaniel C. Hale, Virginia Venturer : A Historical Biography of William Claiborne, 1600-1677, p. 164.
Photographic reproduction of Capt. William Claiborne is from Virginia Venturer: A Historical Biography of  William  Claiborne.
Virginia M. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person, pp. 184-85.
Ralph T. Whitelaw, Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Vol. I, p. 27.  
Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans: The Colonial Experience, p.273.
A Dictionary of British Surnames, p. 119.

American Plantations and Colonies (website), Settlers living at the Eastern Shore in Virginia, February 16, 1623/24, Public Domain Data -  Format, Text, and Indexing, Copyright 1996-2001 by Thomas Langford.

 William Ubanck --1635
Aboard the Amity, London to St. Christopher's
in the West Indies

October 13 - William Ubanck, age 20, is listed among persons going aboard the Amity sailing from London to St. Christopher's in the West Indies. Among passengers listed for the same voyage were the following surnames, which appear later with Eubank names in 17th and 18th century records of Tidewater counties: Herden (Herndon?), Bourne, Parker, Cartwright, Harris, Molton (Moulson?), Saunderson, Heath, Godding (Gooding?), Davies, James, Bagley (Bagby? 

Boorstin writes in The Americans that the difference in climate and landscape of the West Indies, and myriad other differences, put anything resembling English life outside the bounds of a sane imagination. Before long, those who could not tolerate an alien way of life returned to temperate England.

Not knowing the circumstances in which William and the other passengers aboard the Amity came to the West Indies, it is difficult to speculate on later events. But it must have happened often that, rather than make the return trip back across the Atlantic to England, many immigrants who could no longer tolerate the West Indies, but yet wanted a new beginning in America, followed the trade routes north along the Atlantic coast. They would likely have come into port at the early settlements in the Tidewater. Or, a more likely possibility is that the West Indies was not a destination in 1635 for the Amity passengers, but rather a  port call on the way to America.  

It is coincidental that Henry Eubank died in 1635, perhaps early in 1635, and in October of the same year, William Eubank sailed across the Atlantic.  Might he be Henry's younger brother.  Born in 1615, William would have shared his teen years with Henry.  William may also have been a son of Robert Eubancke, and a cousin of Henry.  Being either a brother or cousin, William may have sailed for America in order to take care of Henry's financial interests and estate, or, if Henry had children, to take care of them.

The next 17th century reference to the name William Eubank is a possible 1652 and a definite 1657.

Sources :  John Camden Hotten, The Original Lists of Persons of Quality who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700 London, 1874, p. 135.
[Original document is stored at the Public Record Office: Ref. # E157/20, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1LR, England.]

Boorstin, cited above. 

Robert Eubancke - 1635
Vintner of London

May 15 & Oct. 30 - Robert Eubancke is mentioned above as close cousin of Michael Eubancke of Borrentwaite.  Robert was of St. Katherine by the Tower, and a citizen and vintner of London.  Eubancke loaned Richard Lambert a sum against Lambert's ship, the Thomas and John, to pay for Lambert's trip to Virginia.
Source :
Michael Tepper, New World Immigrants: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists, and Associated Data from Periodical Literature Vol I, pp. 145, 170

John Elcock - 1651 (Eubank ?)
Northumberland County, Virginia

The name John Elcock appears with five others on a headrights list of Thomas Hales and Thomas Sheppard’s patent for 300 acres in Northumberland County. Along with Henry Eubanke, Thomas Hailes was among Claiborne’s close aides during the early 1630's on Kent Island.  Many of the  Kent Island settlers moved to Northumberland County and the Northern Neck (see map below) after Kent Island became a part of Maryland. 

Also, Eubank names are found mentioned with the name Haley in Caroline County Order Books of the 18th century. Haley is a variation of the name Hales/Hailes. 
Source:  Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents Vo1 I, 1623 - 1666, p.219.

Library of Congress  Voorhees Map 1755
Westmoreland County (upper right corner on this map), southside Potomac River, was created from Old Northumberland County, which was created in 1635.

William Sebocke - 1652
( Eubancke ?)

 old Northumberland County, Virginia
Westmoreland was partitioned from Northumberland

The name William Sebocke appears on a land patent list of Mrs. Mary Brent, acreage in Northumberland County.  William Ayres and a number of names which appear in Eastern Shore records are also on the list.
Source  Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, pp 266 and  267.

Library of Congress
Brent's place is in the upper left corner of this map.  Prior to Richmond County being partitioned from Westmoreland County, the Rappahannock River divided Westmoreland County from the area that became Caroline in 1727

Henery Eubunke - 1653
freshes of Yorke River, Virginia

The name Henery Eubunke is included on Col. William Clayborne’s headrights list for a 5,000 acre land grant on the northside of the Pamunkey River in the Narrowes, north of land of Capt. John West of Accomack. [West’s land was in the area where the Pamunkey and Mattaponi Rivers meet to form the York.] Claiborne developed the 5,000 acres into his Romancoke Plantation. 

Library of Congress  Voorhees Map 1755

   King&Queen and King William County
On this 1755 map (above), William Claiborne's 5,000-acre Pamunkey River estate, Romancoke, and Claiborne's Ferry are situated along the Pamunkey River in King William County, shown at the lower end of the map.   Up the Mattaponi River in King & Queen County are estates of family names we find in reference to Eubank family names, including those of Fleet, Walker, and Baylor.

Also, in the Caroline County Order Books, there is a reference to a Tunwell (Tunstall ?) with Eubank  - 1745 May 10 - The last will and testament of Mary Tunwell was presented in court by Anne Eubank, the Executrix therein named, and proved by Richard George and Robert George. Executor with Richard George, her security, acknowledges their deed.  Note that the Tunstall estate is an immediate neighbor of Walkerton, and only three estates away from the Baylor estate.

 Claiborne's 5,000-acre plantation was included in the newly partitioned King William County in 1701. Along with Henry’s name, some individuals on this list are the names of men who had come over with Claiborne in the Africa in 1631 and died soon after.  Also on the list are names of men Claiborne had hired from the early Eastern Shore, and who had died.  Henry and those men had been deceased for eighteen years or more by 1653, but were  evidently eligible  for Claiborne in securing the land.
:   Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, pp. 244 & 245.    Maryland Historical Magazine, cited above.  

      Kent Island, Maryland - modern road map

Claiborne's earlier Kent Island plantation, which was lost to Maryland, was also known as Romancoke Plantation, as current, modern maps (above) show a Romancoke Road stretching north/south on Kent Island.  Cox Creek and Cox Creek Sanctuary are just east of the Romancoke Road (Google Maps, Kent Island, Maryland).

 William Eubanke - 1657
Petomeck River

The name William Eubanke appears on a headrights list of William Knott, who patented 500 acres upon Petomeck River and near land of Vincent Cocks (Cox) near the  Anacostia River, in the present Washington, D.C. area. 

Library of Congress
The Northern Neck - Westmoreland and Northumberland Counties, Virginia, lay southeast across the Rappahannock River from  Caroline and Essex Counties.  Caroline County is the residence of John Eubank and Mary Bullard Eubank, both born c1720, whose relationship and  residence are proved by records in the Caroline County Order Books.

William Coxe (Cocks) was also one of  the several aides so important to Claiborne in the first years of the Kent Island settlement.   Modern maps of Kent Island still show a Romancoke Road on the island and Cox Creek and Cox Neck Road and Sanctuary.  Capt. Claiborne named his Pamunkey River plantation Romancoke, as well.

Other early Kent Island, Eastern Shore, and Accomack County family names are in reference to this area of Westmoreland and Northumberland Counties, Virginia; among them Brent, Bennett, Woodhouse, Wood, Ayres, Harman. 
 Source:  Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, p. 366.

Photo - Jones Memorial Library, Lynchburg, Virginia

Thomas Newman Eubank of Amherst
b  August 15, 1777  Caroline County, Virginia
d 1862  Amherst County, Virginia
son of John Eubank and Margaret Newman c1750
Caroline & Amherst Counties - grandson of John Eubank and  Mary Bullard Eubank c1720
Caroline County, Virginia

Thomas Newman Eubank was a prosperous planter, and prominent county civic leader, during early to mid-19th century in Amherst County, Virginia.  He was married to his first wife, Jane Shelton Ellis, the mother of his children, on May 8, 1810, in Amherst County.  Jane died August 9, 1838.

Thomas was married to his second wife, Ann E. Nelson, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on May 23, 1842.
Ancestry.com - Virginia, Select Marriages, 1785-1940. Thomas N Eubank/Ann E. Nelson, May 23, 1842, FHL Film Number: 34336, Ref. ID p22.

Why did Thomas N. Eubank make such a long journey across the state, back to Tidewater  Virginia, to Westmoreland County, to marry his second wife, Ann E. Nelson?  He was sixty-five years of age in 1842.  Did he want to visit the counties of his ancestors - Westmoreland, Essex, K&Q, and Caroline, as he may have known them to be at  the time?  His parents would have known, and told him, as far back as they knew, perhaps back into the early years of the 18th Century.

Back to the 1600's . . . 

William Ebruck - 1669
Accomack County, Eastern Shore
 William Taylor’s patent, Occohannock & Matchepungoe Creeks.

William Elrocke - 1672 
Northhampton County
Hungars Creek, Eastern Shore  
Thomas Dunton’s patent, Crooked Creek, near land of Col. Edmund Scarbrough.
 [ Edmund Scarbrough land was just east of Occohannock Creek.]

 William Erbrack - 1673  
Accomack County, Eastern Shore
Wm. and Mary Kendall’s patent at Crooked Creek, along Edmund Scarborough’s line.
The Kendall family was seated in Westmorland County, England, in the Borrentwaite, Kirkby-Stephen area.

I think the three names on the above patents are William Eubank, in variation of transcription.  On each of the three patent lists, the following names appear with William's name :  Edwd. Hudson, James Bridgstock, Xpofer Perkinson, Robert Francis, Wm. Hutton. All the names have slight variations in the spelling on each of the three lists.  
Source: Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. II, 1666 - 1695, pp. 68, 105, 135.

Henry Eubank - 1673
Lower Norfolk County, Virginia

As late as 1673, almost 40 years after Henry Eubank, and other men of the Kent Island settlement had died, their names appear on a land grant list of lower Norfolk County.
Source : Alice Granberry Walter, Virginia Land Patents of Norfolk, Princess Anne, and Warwick, Patent Books 1666 -1679, p.24.

Richard Ubanck & Thomas Ubanck - 1675

Richard and Thomas Ubanck immigrated to Maryland in late 17th century from England.
Sources:    ancestry.com  -   Public Member Trees
Gus Skordas, Early Settlers of Maryland, p. 475.

Henry Eubanke - 1679
Accomack County, Eastern Shore

Henry Eubank (Youbank) was a resident of Accomack County in September, 1679. His age was 26, and he would have been born in 1653.   [The time-frame allows Henry to be a son of William, of the 1652/57 references, and grandson of Henry the Interpreter. It is a possibility that William Eubanke of 1657, possibly a son of Henry, sold his headrights and continued to live on the Eastern Shore.  Yet, from early Tidewater Virginia records, there are more references to William Eubank there.  On the Eastern Shore there are more references to Henry Eubank.  If John Elcock of the 1651 Northumberland reference was John Eubank, he may also be a son of Henry.]  
Source:   William R. M. Houston and Jean M. Mihalyka, Colonial Residents of Virginia’s Eastern Shore, whose ages were proved before Court Officials of Accomack and Northampton  Counties, Accomack Records, Vol. A6, p.104. 

Henry Hubanck - 1684
  Accomack County, Eastern Shore

The name Henry Hubanck appears along with nineteen others on a land certificate for 1,000 acres granted Mathew Scarbrow in Accomack County. [Henry, age 26 in 1679 in Accomack ? ] 
Source:  Stratton Nottingham, Accomack County Certificates, p. 57                                  

John Ewbanck - 1684
Witness to an Indenture - England

Aug. 14, 1684 - Abstract of an Indenture :  Form A Serial Number 890 for ffrances Bauldwin, age 16, signed: Frances Baldwin. Frances was bound to Bartholomew Oates of London, Mariner [Probably master of the ship in which she was to sail. This according to detailed explanation of the Indenture Forms.]  The place and number of years of the Indenture was to be in Maryland for five years. Date Indenture was signed :  August 14, 1684. A note with the form reads, Ann Billion and John Ewbanck, who upon oath saith her father is dead and her mother willing to her going. Was Frances' mother 'willing to her going' because she knew Ann Billion and John Ewbanck would be looking out for her on the journey, and beyond?  Witnesses were John Ewbanck and William Beale. Magistrate was Abraham Bayly.  There is no further evidence that either Ann Billion or John Ewbanck immigrated to America. (It provides another corner to turn to further Eubank research .)
 Source : Tepper, New World Immigrants, Vol. 1, p 106.
York County, Bruton Parish, Virginia

Library of Virginia, Voorhees Map 1755
York County is in the lower right corner of this map. George and Jane lived in Bruton Parish

George Ubank - d 1687
widow Jane Ubank/Ewbanck
York County, Bruton Parish, Virginia

George Ubank died in 1686 or 1687 in York County. His widow, Jane Ubank, married David Stoner of York county. George and Jane Ubank’s plantation was near Middle Plantation, or Williamsburg, in Bruton Parish.        

   Transcription of George Ubank’s probate order:

A Commission of Administration of all and singular effects of George Ubank, dec'd, is granted to Janie Ubank giving bond with good and sufficient security for leaving the Court harmless and due performance the said Administratrix according to law. Edward Maylon[Moulson?] and Elisha Slandon (?)    ?   her security for the Indemnifying this Court as allsoe for the  ? performance of said Administratrix according to law.  And it is ordered that some time between this and the next Court Mr. Caman[Camm ?] , Nich : Sabrill, and Isaak Godding or any two of them doo meete att the house of Janiee Ubank and Inventory and Appraise the said Estate being first sworn before the next Magistrate, and make Report thereof to the next CourtUbank and Inventory and Appraise the said Estate being first sworn before the next Magistrate, and make Report thereof to the next Court.
York County, Virginia, Deeds, Wills, Orders, 1677-1687,  Microfilm  #  0034404, p. 212 

At a court held on November 7, 1689,  there is description of several transactions concerning Jane Ubank’s land after George’s death: 

November 22, 1677 -  Anthony Sabrill and wife sold to William Dyer 56 acres.                       
June 21, 1687 - William Dyer sold to David Stoner 50 acres.
June 24, 1687 - William Dyer made a deed to  Daniel Parke, mer
chant of York County, two plantations aforesaid, condition  or limitation of  redemption.””
August 23,1689 -  William Dyer sold to David Stoner for 35 lbs sterling 56 acres in Bruton Parish,  bordering land of Anthony Sabrill.
November 7, 1689 -  David Stoner mortgages to Daniel Parke, merchant, of York County,50 acres, for 20 lbs. sterling.
November 7, 1689 -  David
Stoner mortgages several household items for 15 lbs. sterling..
November 7, 1689 - It is written in the record that the “Plantation mentioned in the recited deeds to be in the possession of Jane Ewbanck.”
Source:  John Frederick Dorman, York County Deeds, Wills, Orders, No. 8, Part 2 , 1687-1691, p. 27 & 28.  

 The following court order was given on May 24, 1692: 

Mr. David Stoner as marrying the widd: and admx of George Ubank deceased peticoning this cort: that whereas he hath made severall payments of debts due from the said Testators estate whoe being now designed for England this present shipping and being desirous that some person may be appointed to examine and  settle the said estate which is accordingly granted and Mr. Martin Gardner, Mr. Nicholas Harrison and Mr. Robt. Harrison are ordered and appointed to meet at the house of the said David Stoner the second Wednesday in June next being the eighth day and then and there to examine and settle the same making due returned thereof to the next Court..
Source:Source: John Frederick .Dorman, York County, Virginia, Deeds, Wills, Orders, No.9, Part 1,1691 - 1694, p.74.

The estate was settled by the order of May 24, 1692, and presented in court on June 24, 1692. Nicholas Harrison and Robert Harrison had made payments to Col. Bacon, Richard Bennett, Timothy Winter, Thomas Green, Francis Rosser, Martin Gardner (for fees), Major Burwell, and John Mead.
Source: York County Deeds, Wills, Orders, No. 9, Part I, 1691 - 1694, pp.140 & 152.

               Stapleton Ubank - 1689

 Henrico County, Virginia,  above the James River Falls,

Edmund Jennings, a name from the Eastern Shore and York County, patents 6,000 acres above the falls. With other names found in Eastern Shore and York County records, the name Stapleton Ubank appears on the list.
 [ Note:  Stapleton is a surname appearing in Eastern Shore records.  In 1683 an Anne Stapleton of Northampton County was 23
years old. A William Stapleton (twice)  and a Jane Stapleton appear on a head rights list in Northampton County in 1672.]

Sources:  Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol II, pp. 335 & 105.   Houston and Mihalyka, Colonial Residents whose ages were proved,  etc., cited above.


The two William Eubank references below may be the William Eubank of King and Queen County listed as owning 350 acres on the 1704 Quit Rent Tax of that county.  The John Eubank born c1720 (married Mary Bullard) may be William's grandson.  Thomas and Anne Eubank listed in the records of the Caroline County Court Order Books may be John's parents.

William Eubank - 1680
New Kent County
  Joshua Storey
Northside Mattaponi River, adj.Mr.Watkins

William Eubank - 1691
New Kent County
 Joshua Storey patent, Northside Mattaponi River,  adj. land of Robert Beverly on Morocosic Creek. 

The name Edward Hudson appears adjacent to William's name on the two Joshua Storey patents above.  Thomas Green's name  also appears adjacent to William Eubank’s name on the lists. Thomas Green was one of the men paid by the Harrison men who settled the George Ubank estate for David Stoner. It is also interesting that the name Martin Gardener appears on the Edmund Jennings patent list with Stapleton Ubank’s name. Martin Gardener also received payment from the settlement of the Ubank estate, and was one of the men initially appointed by the court in 1692 to settle the George Ubank estate. The name John Gardner appears adjacent to the name of  John Eubank in a 1779 Caroline County Drysdale Parish religious petition.             

Joshua Storey’s name appears in York County court records through the late 1680's. Yet, he must have settled some time earlier on the Eastern Shore, as Mary Storey's name appears at age 25 on a list of residents of the Eastern Shore in 1680.  This date coincides with the date of Storey's 1680 New Kent land grant.  Joshua Storey's daughter Mary married John Robinson, who later inherited 4000 acres of the 1691 Joshua Storey patent.   The area of Storey’s patents was known as The Morocosic Creek Plantation, which lay in King & Queen, and after 1727, partly in Caroline.  When King & Queen County was formed from New Kent in 1691, Storey became one of the two representatives of the new county of King & Queen in the Virginia House of Burgesses. 
  Malcolm H. Harris, Old New Kent County, p.  541.

Prior to 1732, and the Caroline Court Order Books, we have only a few names, dates and locations to work with, and few proved connections.   Yet, from the information in this reference history, I’d like to offer a few thoughts.

The evidence found so far indicates that old Accohannock Creek (now Onancock Creek), near the Indian village of Accohanock, was the original settlement area for Henry Eubank, the Interpreter. From evidence in Capt. Claiborne's logs, Henry died in 1634/35.  William Ubanck, born 1615, boarded the ship Amity in London in October, 1635.  It does seem coincidental that William would be on a ship bound from London to the Americas  in the same time-frame that Henry died.  Could he have been Henry's brother, who came to America to settle and protect his brother's interests. 

The Immigrants
From the existing documents and records accessed,  it is likely that the 17th century Eubank lines in Virginia descend from the immigrants Henry the Interpreter and/or William of the Amity.

Richard and Thomas Eubank are  late 17th century  immigrants to Maryland from England, as researched by their descendants.

The second and third generations of the Henry and/or William Eubank lineage may be :

Second Generation
William Eubanke, and maybe there was a John Eubanke, who qualify by time frame, and by the little evidence we have, to be the second generation. 

William of 1652 and 1657  -- From the record, Henry the Interpreter  lived on Kent Island at his death in 1634.  Many residents of Kent Island settled in the Northern Neck and Northumberland County, after Kent Island became a part of Maryland.  Westmoreland County was partitioned from old Northumberland County.  This William, who likely was the son of Henry or William,  may have been a part of that immigration to the Northern Neck, as in the Brent, Cocks (Cox) and Knott references.

Residents who had taken up land in the counties of the Northern Neck, moved later into the Tidewater Virginia counties, for many of the residents were unsure of their ownership or titles to their land in the Northern Neck.   The land in the Northern Neck was not owned by the Crown, but by a proprietary.   This William, of 1652 and 1657 references, likely was the son of Henry or William.  He may have been a part of that immigration to the Northern Neck.  

Third Generationn
There is no direct evidence of William of the Amity settling in Virginia, only that he was on his way to St. Christopher's in the West Indies.  But the fact that he was sailing on the Amity with men whose surnames are found later in association with Eubank families is circumstantial evidence that indeed  he did settle in Virginia among these families, though I've found no direct evidence to prove this theory.  William  may have settled in Accomack in early 1640's, perhaps on land which was in Henry's estate, if indeed he was Henry's brother or near relative.  He may have been the father of the third generation in Accomack.  From the evidence, Henry Eubank, William Eubank, and George Ubank (Eubancke) are the progenitors of the third generation Eubank families in that area.

 Henry Eubank  b 1653 - lived Accomack, age proved by document of 1679
 William Eubank  b c1650 -  lived Accomack, based on the William of the three Eastern Shore patents  (above)
 George Ubank  b c1650's  - born probably Accomack, died York County 1686/87

Fourth Generation

From this fourth generation of Eubank families of record, there are two choices for possible progenitors of the Caroline County Eubank lineage.

-- William Eubank of upper King and Queen County, Caroline County by 1727.
-- George Eubank, referenced with the Fleet, Baylor, and Leigh families of King & Queen County. 

From the records both are strong possibilities.

 William Eubank  born  c1670's - probably the William Eubank of the 1704 Quit Rent List of King and Queen County.  This 4th (or 3rd ?) generation William Eubank is very likely the William Eubank of the Joshua Story patent of 1680 and 1691 in New Kent County, on the Maracossic Creek Plantation in King & Queen County, and after  1727, partly in Caroline County.
  Stapleton Ubank  b c1670's  (son of George and Jane Stapleton Ubank ) of the 1689 Edmund Jennings patent list of Henrico County. 
George Eubank
connection to Fleet, Baylor/Walker, and Leigh  families in King and Queen Counties.

Fifth Generation

John Eubank b c1720  d 1778
Mary Bullard
  - lived Caroline County, Virginia

Ambrose Eubank
George Eubank b 1746
   Delilah Williams
John Eubank
b abt 1740
   Margaret "Peggy" Newman

Nancy (Anne) Eubank
Mary "Molly" Eubank
   ? Saunderson
Thomas Eubank - lived at  Eubank home in Caroline County in 1860 - the Thomas Eubank who was the administrator of the will of his mother, Mary Eubank, in 1795.


Research, Website and Narrative © Iris Teta Eubank Wagner 2007-2014

Sources are on this LINK.